Cloud Automation vs Cloud Orchestration

Sep 13, 2021
5 min read

The field of IT and software development has experienced nothing short of a revolution in the 21st century. The inception of cloud automation deserves a lot of credit for this. It was critical in facilitating this technological advancement.

Cloud automation is fueled by cloud orchestration, which is an important element of the cloud workflow. Let's go through some of the key points concerning these two topics. We'll also learn about the benefits of adopting cloud automation/orchestration in cloud workflow in this blog. Without further ado, let us dive in.

What is Cloud Automation?

Cloud automation is the activity or process of automating a portion or all of the manual processes connected with operating and running cloud-dependent IT systems. Cloud automation is achieved by using specialized software tools and techniques. The process of cloud automation can help IT companies and application development teams to decrease manual labour by a lot. It also decreases operational complexity and accomplishes business goals like simultaneous testing and deployment in private, public as well as hybrid or blended cloud scenarios.

Why is Cloud Automation Needed?

Cloud automation is a necessary tool these days. It essentially supports IT professionals and software developers, to automatically construct, change, and shut down cloud resources. Among the most appealing aspects of cloud computing is the ability to access services on demand, as and when required. As a matter of fact, previously someone had to fully replenish such resources, evaluate them and ascertain once they are no longer needed. After that, they are then put out of business, which may be a time-consuming process. However, thanks to cloud automation, such long operations may now be automated and retrieved quickly.

Cloud Automation Use Case

Modern companies and project workflows benefit from cloud automation in a variety of ways. One of the most typical situations is listed below as an example of cloud automation use cases.

Infrastructure as Programmable Code (IaC)
IT infrastructures must be specified in configuration records and deployed automatically based on that specification under the IaC model. Configuration files, similar to the source code, should always be saved in version control, monitored, inspected, and updated. Since public and private clouds possess authority over nearly all parts of the system, they can orchestrate complicated systems, cloud automation renders IaC considerably more robust.

Best Cloud Automation Tools in 2021

Cloud automation tools and procedures help to decrease the amount of human work involved in certain IT and software development processes. They may involve deploying, configuring, and administering public, private, and hybrid or blended cloud operations. Some of the best cloud automation tools available in 2021 are as follows.

Microsoft Azure Automation
AWS CloudFormation
Google Cloud Deployment Manager

Types of Cloud Automation

Cloud automation is divided into two categories. The first one is the assistance with the management of information systems for businesses. The second is scalability in online and mobile app hosting. AWS, Google Cloud, and Microsoft Azure all have public cloud infrastructure hardware that may be used for any one of these two.

What is Cloud Orchestration?

The practice of streamlining the processes required to manage connections and operations of workloads in an automated way on private and public clouds is known as cloud orchestration. Automated activities and processes are consolidated into a pipeline using cloud orchestration technology to perform various corporate operations.

Cloud Orchestration Use Case

While cloud orchestration is greatly dependent on cloud automation, it is far more vast in nature. Here is a cloud orchestration use case to illustrate the point.

A system with three levels of redundancy
In the cloud, you have mission-critical operations. Even though you have incorporated redundancies into your AWS setup, you might still be worried about depending solely on a single vendor's platform. Now, there is a way out when you opt for cloud orchestration. You can create a Microsoft Azure implementation that can be turned on automatically in the unfortunate event of AWS systems failure.

Best Cloud Orchestration Tools in 2021

Cloud orchestration tools enable organizations to overcome the obstacles of implementing automation tools. These tools help to remove isolated pockets of automation and replace them with a unified strategy spanning cloud-wide that includes both public and private cloud aspects. Some of the best cloud orchestration tools in 2021 in this respect are as follows.

Amazon Web Services CloudFormation
Flexiant Cloud Orchestrator
Cisco CloudCenter (formerly CliQr)
IBM Cloud Orchestrator
Ingram Micro Cloud Orchestrator
Microsoft Azure Automation

Differences Between Cloud Automation Vs Cloud Orchestration

Cloud orchestration offers synchronization between and throughout numerous automated tasks, and cloud automation is simply a subset of orchestration. Cloud automation is concerned with making a single job repeated quickly with minimum human involvement. Whereas, cloud orchestration is concerned with the entire process.

Alongside cloud automation, cloud orchestration is a step forward. Cloud orchestration comprises the synchronization of automated tasks across many platforms and their management.

Despite the diverse dynamic components in the cloud, orchestration unifies accessibility, scalability, loss recovery, dependency control, among many other activities. Cloud orchestration integrates several features into a single process that has the ability to drastically cut down on staff time and costs.

Cloud orchestration also offers visibility into systems and capabilities that basic cloud automation does not. For example, a corporation may limit capacity for deploying applications by using predefined resource templates and keeping track of who wants what resources.

Benefits of Using Cloud Automation/Orchestration in Cloud Workflow

  1. Cloud automation reduces costs for IT and development.
    Cloud automation minimizes the level of manual labour necessary to operate cloud-based activities when businesses implement these into their IT architecture. Standard procedures will not only require lesser duration but may also be configured to run dynamically in some situations. As a result of reduced manual practises, corporate teams will waste fairly significant time analyzing and troubleshooting and more time getting things done.
  2. Continuous Deployment through the use of cloud automation
    The goal of continuous integration is to automate the software deployment process to maximise the magnitude with which applications are updated. Cloud automation tool that can help software development teams to achieve Continuous Deployment or work in the DevOps framework by allowing them to integrate deployments to a cloud-based IT environment.
  3. Reduction of human error through Cloud Orchestration
    Cloud orchestration eliminates the possibility of human mistakes. This also frees up time for companies to focus on creativity and the development process. How does that happen? It occurs by allowing for quicker application deployment across heterogeneous IT infrastructure and coordinating operations spanning different domains and services. The end product is a better user and customer experience across the industry.

Effective Implementation of Cloud Automation/Orchestration

Cloud automation is the only way to maximize the potential of cloud infrastructures. Through the effective implementation of cloud automation/orchestration systems, a lot of work can be made easier. Cloud automation allows businesses to modify their cloud settings more rapidly in answer to organizational problems by automating administrative operations which would normally take a huge amount of resources.

As a result of this, IT settings may be adjusted to respond to evolving corporate operations. For instance, the necessity of additional or lesser simulated device versions or the modification of existing users to a cloud service.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, we have many essential things to remember when it comes to cloud automation. Another important thing to keep in mind is that DevOps and cloud automation are inextricably linked. Scaling one without the other is extremely challenging. Although cloud orchestration is similar to cloud automation, it is not the same. The fundamental differences between cloud automation tools are whether they support only one or several clouds, as well as whether they are free and open-source or exclusively accessible as commercial solutions. For any significant cloud infrastructure, cloud automation is a must-have.