The Language of Cryptocurrency- Cross-chain Technology

Jul 29, 2021
6 min read

What is Cross-chain Technology

Blockchain and distributed ledger technologies are growing in popularity daily. Connecting these new chains is becoming more crucial as more consumers become aware of developing technology's potential. Let's go further to understand what blockchain interoperability is why it is so critical.

The number of blockchain initiatives is increasing because developers are thinking outside the box to maximize the possibilities of the technology. Additionally, the rise reflects the recognition that no one technology would be able to meet all blockchain requirements simultaneously.

Cross-chain technology is becoming a primary subject of debate as to the final answer for improving blockchain interoperability. In layman's words, cross-chain technology is a relatively new concept that aims to transfer value and knowledge across distinct blockchain networks.

While increased use of established networks such as Ripple, Bitcoin, and Ethereum is a positive development, it has created a slew of problems, chief among them economic and technological scaling constraints. As said before, most blockchain networks function in segregated ecosystems to serve a particular set of requirements.

The cross-chains function in isolation has mostly prevented individuals from reaping the full advantages of distributed ledger technology. Due to the difficulty of various blockchains interacting with one another, individuals have been unable to reap the full benefits of blockchain technology. Cross-chain technology aims to address all of these problems by providing interoperability across blockchains, allowing them to interact and exchange information more easily.

A cross-chain is the capacity of two relatively independent blockchains to communicate with one another. In other words, it enables blockchains to communicate with one another due to their uniform construction. Cross-chains overcome the constraints of a single chain.

Cross-chain contact may be classified as isomorphic or heterogeneous, depending on the underlying technology. For isomorphic chains, the security method, consensus process, network architecture, and logic for verifying block creation are all consistent, making interchain communication very easy.

Cross Blockchain Compatibility

The cross-chain protocol enables the transmission of value and information across different networks. When combined with the advantages of decentralized public chains, these protocols should create the groundwork for widespread blockchain acceptance and usage.

Cross-blockchain interoperability enables the exchange of data across blockchains without the need for intermediaries. This implies that blockchains with comparable networks will be able to exchange value.

When used in a business ecosystem, companies will no longer be limited to dealing with customers on the company's network. Rather than that, businesses will be able to conduct transactions with customers on other suitable blockchains. The whole procedure will occur in real-time, with no downtime or costly transaction fees. As with the Internet of value, cross-blockchain interoperability will enable blockchain networks to transmit value effectively.

Who is Leveraging Cross-chain Technology?

Ripple is a fantastic illustration of a blockchain project that is attempting to investigate cross-chain transactions. While it is still in its infancy, Ripple is trying to enable various digital assets across multiple blockchains.

Ripple has already begun assisting banks worldwide in settling cross-border payments in several currencies and cryptocurrencies. The blockchain effort, on the other hand, has an uphill battle to perfect its cross-chain technology.

Businesses are using blockchain technology to develop smart contracts that do away with the need for third-party administrators and assessors. A computer program is executed on top of the blockchain to execute smart contracts, with the parties defining the rules in advance. When these conditions are satisfied, the agreement is deemed complete and is immediately enforced.

The financial sector and finance functions inside companies have made the most effective use of blockchain technology. This is the area in which this technology has advanced the most. Blockchain technology is beneficial for financial operations and business due to its smart contracts, digital payments through bitcoin, increased security and non-corruptibility, and record-keeping capabilities.

The Importance of Interoperability in the Blockchain

The success of blockchain technology will be determined by the interoperability and integration of various blockchain networks. As a result, interoperability across blockchains refers to the idea of multiple blockchains communicating with one another to facilitate information exchange.

Interoperability is the capacity to see and access data across several blockchain systems. For instance, if a user sends data to another blockchain, the receiver should read, understand, and respond efficiently. However, it is not feasible due to the inability of the Bitcoin and Ethereum blockchains to exchange information.

Cross Chain technology aims to address all of these issues by increasing the interoperability of blockchains. Upcoming initiatives are gradually embracing the concept as they develop platforms capable of communicating with others without using a third person.

Interoperability between blockchains should go a long way toward eliminating intermediaries or third parties associated with centralized systems. The capacity of various decentralized networks to interact directly with each other should contribute significantly to the development of completely decentralized systems.

Blockchain Interoperability Projects

Given the increasing need to improve connectivity across different blockchain networks, numerous researchers are already working to develop appropriate solutions. As developers seek to speed blockchain adoption, blockchain interoperability initiatives are increasing day by day. Blockchain Polkadot is one of the most prominent initiatives aimed towards enhancing blockchain interoperability.

Polkadot

Polkadot blockchain is an elevated multi-chain platform that raises the bar for blockchain interoperability. Polkadot, the brainchild of Gavid Wood, one of Ethereum's creators, aims to improve the transmission of intelligent contract data across several blockchains. It is composed of several parachains with varying properties. Its transactions may be distributed over a large region due to the network's large number of chains. This is maintained with a high degree of transaction security.

Polkadot's interoperability effort guarantees a frictionless link between private chains, public networks, oracles, and permissionless interfaces. The creators of the blockchain interoperability technologies want to create an internet in which autonomous blockchain solutions may exchange data through a Polkadot relay chain.

Blocknet

Blocknet's developers are presently working on developing a decentralized exchange to improve exchanging interaction. Additionally, blockchain is adopting blockchain interoperability methods that can alter our current perception of blockchain.

Blocknet's goal is to decentralize all four components to create the world's first decentralized exchange. Additionally, the project's supporters are improving the cross-chain platform for use as technology.

Aion

Online Aion Online is another high-profile Blockchain interoperability project that aims to overcome unsolved issues surrounding blockchain network stability and compatibility. The developers want to establish Aion as the de facto standard protocol for different blockchains. The ultimate goal is to facilitate the development of effective and decentralized systems.

Wanchain

Wanchain is world’s first online blockchain system capable of interoperability and secure multi-party computation. Additionally, blockchain interoperability aims to reconstruct finance by centralizing all assets on a single blockchain. They are now implementing one of the most innovative blockchain interoperability methods available.

By utilizing cutting-edge cryptography research, the blockchain interoperability project guarantees cross-chain capabilities. Additionally, it uses a unique protocol to link private, public, and consortium chains. The connectivity enables the transfer of digital assets between two distinct blockchains.

Blockchain Cosmos

Cosmos blockchain is the most underappreciated interoperability effort for blockchains. The blockchain project is vying to become the center of many initiatives. The developers have now published a software development kit they claim would solve problems of scalability and interoperability in blockchain applications.

The Cosmos blockchain system comprises many autonomous blockchains named Zones connected through a central blockchain dubbed the Hub. Each Zone in this instance is powered by Tendermint Core, which allows an elevated, consistent, and secure PBFT-like consensus engine. The cosmos Hub links blockchain projects through the Inter-Blockchain communication protocol to improve interoperability.

Probable Solutions to Blockchain Interoperability Issues

The primary impediment to blockchain interoperability is many blockchain systems that do not communicate in the same language. To begin, many sophisticated systems in use include various degrees of smart contract functionality. Additionally, the transaction method and consensus mechanisms used in these projects vary significantly, making any interconnectivity impossible.

To address some of the fundamental problems impeding blockchain interoperability, a system that allows universal communication across several blockchains is required. Additionally, open protocols and Multi Chain Frameworks are being promoted as potential answers to blockchain interoperability problems.

Open Protocols to Improve the Interoperability of Blockchains

This, we believe, is one of the better answers for interoperability concerns. Adopting open protocols should contribute significantly to establishing standardized routes for different blockchains to interact with one another. These protocols provide a common language for blockchains, which facilitates communication.

The Atomic Swap is an excellent example of an Open Protocol for blockchain interoperability. Atomic Swap, which acts as a decentralized cross-chain escrow service, enables exchanging money across two distinct blockchains, such as 1BTC for 1ETH. The whole transaction occurs without the intervention of an exchange or a middleman. Inter-ledger is another cross-chain blockchain implementation that makes use of the atomic swap protocol.

Utilization of Multiple-Chain Frameworks

On the other hand, multi-chain frameworks serve as open environments into which blockchains can be integrated. They are more complicated than Open Protocols. They do, however, facilitate open communication and data transfer between different blockchains.

Multi Chain Frameworks enable blockchains to connect and become part of a standardized ecosystem to share data. They are often referred as Internet of blockchains since they provide unique and promising possibilities for blockchain interoperability.

Conclusion

The cross-chain developmental efforts are currently in the experimental phase, and in the future, the promotion of cross-chain platform projects will be based on a significant landing. It will rely on the use of the application, the use of the functionality and rights of certificates, instead of simply transactions like asset chains, cross-chain forecasts, asset retention, and ultimately establishing a network of transmissions to connect the digital asset islands. In the future, PPIO will use assets on other chains to pay for storage and bandwidths and create and trade data assets via cross-chain technologies.