Front End v/s Back End: What's the Difference?

Mar 10, 2022
4 min read

Website development is the process of making websites and applications that are capable to solve one or other issues. Unlike UI UX Design, web development concentrates more on coding and making sure a website processes perfectly. It’s basically the usability element of websites and apps that the developers are concerned about. Now, where do words like front and back end come in? Front-end and back-end development are two distinct classifications of web development.

If you’re new to the world of coding and software engineering, there is a chance that you may be baffled by terms like the front end, back end, and development. Your head may swirl at the picture of programming languages like Ruby on Rails and Javascript.

Let’s take a short poll. “What does it all signify? How do front end and back end differ from each other?” I get it, even I was there once.

Front-end Development

Front-end developers make with the user in senses. It is a type of computer programming that concentrates on the coding and innovation of elements and components of a website that will be visited by the user. It’s around making sure the graphical aspects of a website are serviceable. You can likewise think of the front end as the “client-side” of an application. Let’s express you’re a front-end developer. This indicates your job is to code and get to live the pictorial elements of a website. You’d be more attentive to what the user notices when they see a website or app. And, you’d want to make certain the site is effortless to interact with while also operating smoothly.

These developers bring the visual designs from UX and UI designers and obtain the website to life, making certain it functions pleasingly for the user. One of the numerous ways you could use front-end skills is in assembling a static website, which is a website with static content that’s provided to a user’s browser precisely as it is stored. You might run into a static website if you occur upon a simple landing page or a small company website that doesn’t allow users to execute any interactive chores.

Back-end Development

Back-end development concentrates on the side of the website users can’t witness. It’s what drives a site interactive. The back end can likewise be guided to as the “server-side” of a website. As an instance, let’s say you’re operating a social media website. You require a convenient place to store all of your users’ data. This storage center is named a database and a few widely used examples comprise Oracle, SQL Server, and MySQL. Databases are operated from a server, which is basically a remote computer. A back-end developer will support manipulating this database and the site contents held on it. This guarantees that front-end elements on your social media website can resume functioning adequately as users browse uploaded content and other user details.

While users do not instantly interact with the back end of a website, they’ll indirectly communicate with elements these developers work on via a front-end application. Back-end development deals with holding and organizing data while also providing the front end is performing well.

Features of Frontend

Along with its broad spectrum of functionalities, the front end arrives with a lot of characteristics.

  • Client-Side Rendering: It entitles developers to generate the entire website on the browser of the user locally with JavaScript.
  • Server-Side Rendering: It permits the rendering of sites presently on the users’ browser founded on the modifications ordered by the user.
  • Optimization: Fine-tuning of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript provides quick loading of sites for the users.

Features of Backend

Like the frontend, the backend also reaches considerable features that are useful to the developers.

  • Databases: It concerns the keeping of essential data of the users.
  • Website Architecture: It involves comprehending the purposes that are required to make the application.
  • Scripting: It affects the framework's proper configuration.
  • Application User Interface (API): APIs are tools that assist in transmission between machines and provide critical data.

Front End Frameworks

  • vue.js: It is a framework produced close to JavaScript and is utilized in developing compact web applications.
  • AngularJS: A web framework created near JavaScript. It delivers attractive attributes to the HTML templates and boosts implementation.
  • React: It is a famous JavaScript framework that improves the User Interface elements and provides a vibrant nature to web applications.

Back End Frameworks

  • Flask: Flask is a microframework founded on the python language. It does not require any libraries or tools and is therefore appropriate for small projects. Nonetheless, integrations can be performed to develop its work.
  • Django: Django is a high-level web framework that arrives with built-in plugins. It is most acceptable for large-scale, data-driven interactive web applications. An additional advantage possesses customizability. Nevertheless, it is not suggested for small-scale projects as it serves it up with disproportionate characters.
  • Ruby on Rails: It is a web application framework reported in the Ruby language. It is employed in the development of excellent data table formation and migration. More straightforward compilation and testing are a counted advantage.
  • CakePHP: CakePHP is a well-known web framework for PHP. It is utilized in the development of both small and big applications as it is more manageable to configure and supply whole security.

Conclusion

Web development is an impressive addition in the field of technology. Frontend and backend development is completely dissimilar from each other, but nevertheless, they are two elements of the same condition. The front end is what users notice and interact with and the backend is how everything functions. In more simple words, we could say that front-end development is like the surface of a house; the wall carvings, wall hangings, paint, or anything that an individual can see and sense. Back end is like the electric supply, the building materials which one cannot see, but is essential for the house. It is only together that these two items make an application look and process in the most acceptable manner imaginable.