Identification and Prevention of Cyber Attacks

Nov 23, 2021
4 min read

In this digital world where data is the most valuable asset, cybersecurity has become a very essential aspect of any industry. Businesses need to safeguard their digital presence and boost their security. As organizations quickly adapt their business and security processes to meet decentralized settings, the increasing prevalence of remote workforces, new gadgets, and external apps opens up a slew of new opportunities for attackers to exploit access points unknown to the firm. Any data breaches caused by hackers might lead to a company's downfall.

According to a 2020 Verizon analysis, 86% of worldwide data breaches are driven by monetary gain. Individuals and organizations must manage their cybersecurity more proactively than ever before since the cost of a cyberattack may easily run into the millions – a sum few are able or willing to pay.

In this blog, we talk about cyberattacks and the way to identify them and prevent them with the assistance of technology. But first, let us understand what cyberattacks are and their types.

What is a cyber attack?

A cyber assault is the intentional compromise of your systems and/or network. The malicious code is used in cyber assaults to breach the computer, logic, or data and steal, leak, or hold the data hostage. Cyber attack protection is critical for all businesses and organizations. These types of attacks are possessing increasing threats to industries every day. A few types of cyberattacks are given below:

Malware:

In this type of cyberattack, any malicious software like spyware, virus, worms, or ransomware is implanted inside the computer through any link or email attachment. These get activated on clicking on the link and can install destructive software and collect data from the computer.

Phishing:

Phishing is a method of stealing sensitive data by pretending to be a reputable organization. It is mostly done through emails and can take personal information from the user.

MITM Attack:

The penetration of a two-party transaction to filter and steal data is known as a man-in-the-middle attack. It is most commonly transmitted over insecure public Wi-Fi.

DoS Attack:

A denial-of-service attack is a way of flooding servers and systems, or networks with traffic to clog bandwidth and paralyze the system.

DNS tunneling:

It is the technique of delivering HTTP and other protocol traffic across the Domain Name System to disguise outbound traffic as DNS and conceal data that is ordinarily transmitted over a secure internet connection.

Prevention of cyberattacks:

There are many ways to prevent a cyberattack from happening. We are going to discuss them below:

Administer training to the staff of the company:

Employees are one of the most popular ways for cybercrooks to gain access to the company's data. They will send fake emails impersonating someone in the organization, requesting personal information, or access to certain files. Untrained eyes might easily be fooled by links that appear trustworthy. This is why employee education is critical. It is essential to warn employees and ask them to check links before clicking on them, verify email addresses, and be alert of any odd activity by rechecking and reassuring identities for sharing any requested information.

Consistently update software and system:

Cyber assaults frequently occur because the systems or software are out of date, exposing vulnerabilities. Hackers take advantage of these flaws, and cybercriminals take advantage of these flaws to get access to the network. When they're in the system, it's generally too late to take precautionary measures. To combat this, it's a good idea to invest in a patch management system that will manage all software and system updates, ensuring that the system is robust and up to date.

Install a strong security system:

There is no stoppage of the new types of data breaches that arrive in the market every day. Hence, it is very important to shield the network using a firewall, defending it from any sort of cyber attack. A firewall system will prevent brute force assaults on the network and/or systems from causing any damage.

Get access to only trusted sources:

Physical attacks on computer systems are possible; thus, having control over who may access your network is critical. Someone may just stroll into the workplace or corporation and insert a USB key with infected data into one of the computers, granting them access to or infecting the whole network. Controlling who has access to the computers is critical. Installing a perimeter security system is an excellent technique to prevent both cybercrime and break-ins!

Secure the WiFi connection:

Any device that connects to an infected network can get infected; if this infected device subsequently connects to the company network, the entire system gets into danger. One of the most secure things one can do for their systems is to secure and hide their wifi networks. Every day, countless gadgets are being developed that can connect to the network and compromise the safety of the owner.

Set up secure passwords:

Using the same password for everything might be risky. Once a hacker has figured out the password, they have complete access to the Computer and any applications users use. Having separate passwords configured for each program is a significant benefit to overall security, and changing them regularly will provide a high degree of protection against external and internal threats.

Keep backups of all the data:

In extreme cases, if the data gets breached and the cyber attack takes place, the organization must keep a backup of their data to avoid any serious downtime or financial loss.

Summing Up:

A team of at least 2-3 information security engineers would be necessary to oversee unique software solutions and sophisticated testing of an organization's environment in the case of advanced cyber assaults. When it comes to defending a business against cybercrime and cyberattacks, it may be tough to know where to start. There is so much information available that it may be daunting, especially when the information is contradictory. In this article, we have learned about cyber attacks and different ways to deal with them.