Predictive Care Enabled by AI: An Overview

Mar 30, 2022
4 min read

Data is becoming increasingly important in driving innovation. Industries collect an increasing amount of data as technology progresses and changes human behaviour. The value of that data comes from our ability to extract it in order to gain actionable, relevant insights - insights that can help us work smarter by accelerating better outcomes while remaining equitable and inclusive of the people we serve.

Predictive care, which combines a variety of statistical approaches such as predictive and data modelling, machine learning, artificial intelligence (AI), and deep learning to assess facts and forecast future unknown outcomes, is of particular interest. It is widely employed in a variety of fields, including business management, retail, travel, and sports, as well as science, healthcare, and pharmaceuticals.

Mastering the element of predictive care will be a vital component in improving the quality of care for patients as artificial intelligence (AI) technology becomes more ubiquitous in the medical field.

Providers must operate efficiently, effectively, and precisely in order to give better care to individuals. Integrating predictive care into the healthcare system could help achieve those objectives while also providing some relief to medical practitioners. On the other hand, predictive analytic systems must be appropriately trained to minimize future care inequities.

What is Predictive Care?

Predictive care uses modelling and forecasting approaches to determine what is highly likely to happen in the future. Physicians, researchers, medical specialty societies, pharmaceutical corporations, and everyone else involved in healthcare can then use those projections to deliver the best possible care for specific patients.

Predictive care uses a number of modelling techniques, ranging from basic hierarchical linear models to modern machine learning and AI algorithms, to produce the most reliable predictions possible. Machine learning is a subset of AI that involves generating models to describe data with greater precision as more data is introduced. AI is a collection of technologies that can think and adapt itself.

Historical data is used in predictive care to train algorithms that can predict future outcomes. These models can build predictive models and find patterns or trends in data using statistics, machine learning, and/or AI. Understanding simple or complex links between several variables and one or more outcomes is a key insight. It can, for example, provide a credit rating in finance based on a history of loans or payments as well as a debt-to-income ratio. It can measure the risk of acquiring diabetes or other diseases in a clinical setting by taking into account health status, diet, age, and family medical history.

How Does Predictive Care Work?

Predictive care uses machine learning and data mining technology to analyze risks and forecast outcomes. The system will use historical data and statistical modelling to determine individual patient outcomes.

Predictive care is showing promise in a number of medical fields as technology advances. Scientists at James Cook University have made headway in finding techniques to keep premature babies alive using predictive care.

Doctors can assess each premature newborn's hazards and assign a score using the Neonatal Artificial Intelligence Morality Score (NAIMS). The risk score assists doctors in determining the optimal course of therapy for each infant as well as any potential risks that may occur along the way.

Predictive Care In Healthcare

Predictive measurements can be beneficial in a variety of areas within healthcare. For example, in a supply chain, current in and outflow could be used to predict when resupply is required. You might forecast when machinery would fail in manufacturing to assist decide service intervals. In pharma and medicine, you may estimate how long a clinical trial would take in each population based on the population's disease occurrence, previous trial participation, and the number of trial sites required.

Payers can profit from predictive analysis by projecting service use for a specific group. Identifying solutions to save costs and increase revenue could be beneficial to healthcare administration. Another intriguing area is precision medicine, which could anticipate treatment effectiveness based on a patient's medical history or genomic results, allowing for the avoidance of unneeded therapies and the provision of high-quality care.

Predictive algorithms are used in medicine to help doctors make more personalized and targeted treatment decisions for specific patients. We and others have utilized image algorithms on medical images to comprehend better aggressive diseases and guide therapies, including forecasting better patient outcomes. Particularly in digital pathology, image comprehension and processing have come a long way. During the epidemic, we saw the emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) systems to aid clinicians in making quick diagnoses.

Benefits of Predictive Health Care

Predictive care in healthcare employing machine learning tools and techniques has a number of benefits, including boosting company efficiency and supporting clinicians in providing health care services to each patient.

Choosing an Appropriate Location for New Clinics and Hospitals

It takes a lot of effort to open a new clinic or medical centre. The first step is to choose the ideal location for the business. If management makes a mistake here, it could have ramifications throughout the company, resulting in losses. In order to deliver valuable services to the public, a hospital must be located closer to the target audience, be conveniently accessible, and carve out a niche among competitors.

Predictive care can assist management in assessing potential sites based on a variety of factors. Predictive care in healthcare can show you the benefits and drawbacks of opening a clinic in a specific area by looking at how competitors are doing and examining the location's accessibility (among other factors).

Outbreaks and Pandemics: Predicting and Analyzing the Risk

The pandemic brings up another significant role of predictive care in healthcare research articles. Researchers and scientists can forecast outbreaks and the spread of contagious diseases using historical and real-time data. This can assist governments in taking proper actions to manage the outbreak and reduce the number of people killed in society.

Different governments employed a variety of such techniques to track the spread of the coronavirus in an attempt to limit it and reduce the number of impacted areas.

Improving Business Operations for Efficient Hospital Administration

Hospital administration is possibly the most difficult of all. Even little blunders and misunderstandings might result in life-threatening scenarios. Everything has to be perfectly in tune and streamlined. However, saying it is easier than doing it.

Using sophisticated technology, however, is conceivable. In the case of healthcare insurance, predictive care has resulted in patients, hospitals, and insurance companies working together to process claims and avoid difficulties. Delays in processing and approval of claims can be eliminated, allowing patients to receive treatment more quickly.

Healthcare centres may have a stress-free work environment by automating recurrent processes, allowing staff to focus on providing courteous and efficient patient service.

Conclusion

It is past time for medical companies to include predictive care into their healthcare systems and develop models that can provide reliable insights and forecasts. It's also important to remember that no model is completely error-free or capable of replacing experts.