In the beginning, it was bound to frontend development, but in later years it was also used in the backend or server-side development.
The coding language owes its popularity to its flexibility, consistent implementation across web browsers, and its ability to deliver interactivity to webpages within the browser.
- Apps for drones and robots
- Browser-based online games
- Digital art
- Mobile apps
- Presentations as websites
- Web apps
- Web servers
As you can see from the above, this programming language wasn’t created just for web development.
Over the years, the programming language has evolved considerably. Today, we can choose from multiple libraries, platforms, tools, and frameworks. Some of the famous ones are as follow:
In this scenario, web developers can build their templates based on HTML and even extend HTML syntaxes. AngularJS also allows developers to breakdown the web app into multiple components, making it easier to code and manage.
It’s the perfect framework to bind different software components and build User Interfaces (UIs). If you’re developing a native app, for example, AngularJS allows you to use NativeScript within the template with local variables and loops.
Aurelia is both advanced and highly user-friendly. As a “next-generation UI framework,” you can start building without specifying controllers of view models.
As it’s highly modular, you can develop apps without forcing the use of specific predefined rules or paradigms. This means that you can easily swap components in and out during the development cycle.
EmberJS is ideal for Single-Page Applications, large web apps, and building a complete development stack. This perfectness is because its handlebars layout and backend architecture are designed to allow developers to write advanced HTML tags.
It also makes it easy for them to understand complex functionalities through user-friendly Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) that come with the framework. EmberJS is also better suited for client-side development than both Mithril and Polymer.
NodeJS is also leveraged to build backend services and APIs. Operating systems like Linux, macOS, and Microsoft Windows also use these apps.
Because it works with a single-threaded event loop, NodeJS can handle multiple asynchronous requests seamlessly. It’s the perfect solution to develop real-time collaborative web applications.
It also makes it easy to develop reusable UI components. It’s the go-to solution for robust, high-performing enterprise applications.
The UIs of both Facebook and Instagram, for example, are excellent examples of ReactJS at work. ReactJS was developed by Facebook to make web development simple, scalable, and fast.
Svelte is a frontend component-based development framework that’s similar to both ReactJS and VueJS. The primary difference is that Svelte does all the work in compiled steps during the development cycle.
VueJS uses plain HTML-based templates and single-file components. It also allows developers to code in CSS within the framework. When you build advanced single-page web apps with VueJS, dependencies of components during rendering are tracked automatically by it.
In this scenario, whenever a component needs re-rendering, VueJS informs the system about the pending state changes.